On the activation of quantum nonlocality
Trabajo de grado - Maestría
Quantum nonlocality is a cornerstone property for the development of the socalled quantum protocols as well as for the characterisation, and possible generalisation of quantum theory. However, there are still fundamental aspects of this property that need to be addressed; in particular, its relation with the property of quantum entanglement. It is well known that every nonlocal state is an entangled one, yet there exist entangled local states. Therefore, within their original defnitions, these two properties are not equivalent. The study of this relationship has been put forward by means of the generalisation of nonlocality through the so-called activation of nonlocality scenarios. The idea is to only work with these entangled local states in order to try to recover (activate) nonlocality. In this Thesis, we have numerically addressed the properties of entanglement, nonlocality (mostly by means of the violation of the CHSH-inequality), as well as the following generalisations of nonlocality: k-copy nonlocality, hidden nonlocality, and the combination of these two scenarios, namely, hidden k-copy nonlocality and tensor/filter activation of hidden nonlocality. We have studied these properties for some bipartite entangled local states, and some two-qubit not CHSH-inequality violating states of interest. In particular, we have analysed these properties for two-qubit states that come from the study of quantum games' strategies and the dynamics of open quantum systems.